History: Qubbat al-Ṣakhrah in Arabic, shrine in Jerusalem built by the Umayyad caliph ʿAbd al-Malik ibn Marwān in the late 7th century. It is the oldest extant Islamic monument. The rock over which the shrine was built is sacred to both Muslims and Jews.
Importance: The Foundation Stone and its surroundings are an important holy site for Muslims; although they now pray towards the Kaaba at Mecca, they once faced the The Dome of the Rock. Prophet Muhammad changed the direction of prayer for Muslims after a revelation from Allah.
Location: Old city of Jerusalem.